opposer (c.1136-65)

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opposer (c.1136-65)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *7,375b opponere /8,69b pausare; Gdf: 5,608b opposer; GdfC: 10,235c opposer /10,235c opposant; TL: 6,1154 oposer; DEAF:  oposer; DMF:  opposer / opposant; TLF:  opposer / opposant; OED:  oppose v. / opposant n.; MED:  opposen v. / opposinge ger.; DMLBS: 2035b opponere ]
oposer,  opposier  

The OED (see sub oppose v.) distinguishes two semantic branches for the oppos- group of words, both derived from Latin opponere: Branch I has the senses relating to ‘examination or interrogation’, and Branch II those relating to ‘opposition or opponency’. The former is considered the medieval sense of the word (as a synonym for apposer1), whereas the latter (despite being closer to the Latin core sense) is said to be ‘rare in English before the late 16th century’. The MED supports this statement, with all of the senses of ​opposen v. 30771 falling into the Branch I category. The limited material available in Anglo-Norman, on the other hand, suggests not only that both senses seem to have been attested in medieval times, but also that they cannot be easily separated, with many instances expressing an idea of ‘questioning through objection’ or ‘objecting through questioning’.

v.a.

1to counter, oppose
( c.1136-65; MS: c.1200 )  Raisnablement od els parrot E vertuosement ovrout Que de parole ne de ovrer Ne li saveient opposer  714
2phil.theol.to use in opposition, present as a counter-argument
( c.1136-65; MS: c.1200 )  li philosophe paen, Kis (=scriptural mysteries) adversent trop de lor sen, Encontre auctorité divine Opposent lur false doctrine  8686
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  Kar partant se acuintereient Quels les puinz Simun serreient, Si se en porreit l'um cuntregueiter De ceo que il vuldrat opposer  1684
lawto argue in opposition
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  Mes ore poreit acun dire opposaunt le contrarie, issi, qe si tu gaynes ma terre sauntz moen coungé et la semes [...]  i 368
( 1360 )  a tout ce qui nous vorrions dire ou opposer au contraire en jugement ou dehors  iii 525
3to probe, question
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  A voz foles questiuns Asez truveraie soluciuns Del guibet et del olifant Dunt vus me alez opposant  1044
( 1212; MS: 1212-13 )  Lors lu prist sis sire opposer Por saveir s'il seust parler Grezais  125va
( s.xiii4/4; MS: 1315-25 )  Jesu ne guers targa Ke il cel mester (Zakarie, who wants to teach J.C.) ne opposa: Mut tost veir li demanda Ke ce fu k'il [es]garda  578
( 1323-25 )  Et si le counte soit opposez ové les autres messages de la venue nostre seignur le roi, il ad a dire de eux mesmes nient par lour creance q'ils quident estre tut certeins qe nostre seignur le roi est en volenté d'estre au roi de France as oytaves de Seint Johan  182
lawto question, interrogate
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  il se pusent aviser de certeyne respounse quant il de ceo serount apposez (var. opposez (M)MS: s.xivin)  i 300 (var.)
( 1380 )  q'ils serront prestes alors devant nostre dit conseil illoeqes a respondre a ce que homme leur vourra surmettre, dire et opposer  i 62.185
( 1391 )  opposez et aresonez de la dite matire, confesserent et granterent q'ils feurent coupables de les trespasses [...]  iii 287
( 1399 )  Wautier Clopton', chief justice de bank le roy, par comandement du roy, opposa le dit William, coment, et par quel garant, le dit William ala a Caleys a le duc de Gloucestre en un message? Et le dit William respondi et dist [...]  iii 430
opposer si
1lawto ask, question whether
( 1319 )  E fut opposé de partie e de la curt s'il fut seisi, e ne poait ceo dire  Ed II xxiv 28

v.n.

1to question, ask questions
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  Quant un oppose e autre respunt Cil kil oient amendé en sunt  2807
( 1212; MS: 1212-13 )  Dialoge est veraiment [...] Quant uns respont e autre oppose  10ra
lawto question, interrogate
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Quaunt vas a plez pur pleder, Purver te dais ben e aprester Pur ben respundre e opposer  29
( 1339 )  De reliefs receivre, de jurer en l'alme de nous, si mestiers est: De compromettre, de pacifier, d'assentir, de repliker, de opposer et de respondre  ii 1076

p.pr._as_s.

1opponent, one who asks questions
( 1212; MS: 1212-13 )  Pierres a nom li opposant [...] E cil qui sout est saint Gregoire  10rb
apposer#1  opposaille  opposement  opposicioun  opposite  opposour 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
opposer