The completely revised version of the AND website is now open to the public! This new site, with all of its data migrated to a server hosted by the University of Glasgow, uses an updated and more user-friendly interface. It retains all of its original functionalities and adds new and exciting ones.

This is currently phase one, which includes the dictionary itself and its full range of search options. A new chronological element (that will help to expand the AND into a full Historical Dictionary) has been introduced to form part of these various search options. Furthermore, all 155,000+ AND citations are now fully dated and presented in chronological order per (sub)sense. Several thousands of citations have been added to entries A-Q to provide the earliest attestation of a word. Note that the date of the earliest attestation is provided alongside each headword.

In conjunction with this, the fully revised AND2 entries of R- are now published for the first time.

Phase two is planned for early 2021, and will include the reinstating of the searchable Textbase, a full revision of the Source Texts and the completion of various ancillary pages (such as the Memorial Lectures, Articles and the Blog).

We are sure that you will enjoy this new AND site, and in the coming months you will see further changes taking place. In the meantime, if you have any questions, comments or corrections, please don’t hesitate to contact us through our social media channels or by email (

Aberystwyth, December 2020.

Anglo-Norman is the name usually given to the kind of French brought over to England by the conquerors in 1066, then later exported to Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Initially it shared most of its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation with the medieval French of the mainland. Later, it began to develop characteristics of its own.

Although Anglo-Norman became an acquired second language in later generations as Middle English emerged, it was still in use for complex administrative matters and affairs of state well into the 15th century. This site offers resources for understanding these records of Britain’s past.

Anglo-Norman has contributed massively to the present-day English language. No matter what you say or read in English, however ‘modern’, the legacy of Anglo-Norman is everywhere. And across the globe, wherever the English language has gone, it has taken Anglo-Norman influences with it.

David Trotter, [*1957-†2015]