opposaille (1341-42)

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opposaille (1341-42)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *7,375b opponere /*8,70a pausare; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  oposer (*); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  opposal n.; MED:  opposaile n.; DMLBS: ]
inerror esposail  

The OED (see sub oppose v.) distinguishes two semantic branches for the oppos- group of words, both derived from Latin opponere: Branch I has the senses relating to ‘examination or interrogation’, and Branch II those relating to ‘opposition or opponency’. The former is considered the medieval sense of the word (as a synonym for apposer1), whereas the latter (despite being closer to the Latin core sense) is said to be ‘rare in English before the late 16th century’. The MED supports this statement, with all of the senses of opposen v. 30771 falling into the Branch I category. The limited material available in Anglo-Norman, on the other hand, suggests not only that both senses seem to have been attested in medieval times, but also that they cannot be easily separated, with many instances expressing an idea of ‘questioning through objection’ or ‘objecting through questioning’.


1objection, opposition
( 1406 )  Et afin que mesmes les articles purront estre le meulx declarez, et que si aucuns opposailles furent mys en demande par les ambassatours d'Escoce [...]  ii 105
2lawprobing, questioning (in interrogation)
( 1341-42 )  L'assise dit q'il fuit seisi et dessesi. Et disoient outre des damages par opposail de court  16.2 Ed III 223
apposaille  opposement  opposer  opposicioun  opposour 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.