peonier (c.1136-37)

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peonier (c.1136-37)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 8,145b pedo; Gdf: 6,89c peonier 1 /6,90a peonier 2; GdfC: 10,342 pionnier; TL: 7,690 pëonier; DEAF:  peon (peonier); DMF:  pionnier; TLF:  pionnier; OED:  pioneer n. and a.; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
peoner;  peuner,  peunier;  poner,  ponner;  pouner,  pounere,  pounier,  pounner;  punner,  pauner,  poyner,  poynir  ii 84.62  

s.

1walker, one who travels on foot
( MS: s.xii/xiii )  more iter agentium (gloss (T): peuners)  i 173.81 and ii 41.81
mil.occupationfoot-soldier, infantry man
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Si mandat pur ses chevaliers, Pur geldons e pur peoniers (vars. Pur geldes e pur puigneres (L)MS: s.xiii2)  646
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Fortes lances a chevaler E longes lances a pouner  11126
( MS: s.xiii2 )  dat bello pedites (gloss: poyners)  ii 4
( MS: s.xiiiex )  Parte autem altera propugnacula intuebamur, hinc peditum (gloss: (C) de pouners) (vars. del pauners (A)MS: s.xiii; de peoners (O)MS: s.xii/xiii; de poners (L)MS: s.xiiiex)clipeos, equitum scuta [...]  i 174.83 and ii 43.83
2livestockequit.occupationgroom, servant who looks after horses (?)
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  (in a section on horse-grooming:) Garcio sive pedes (gloss (D): pouner) (vars. poner (L)MS: s.xiii/xiv) strigilem (=curry-comb) ferat  i 182.64 and ii 68.64

a.

1on foot, walking
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  Od lui soleit Thomas aler En bois e en riviere e od li converser [...] Vindrent a un grant duit; n'i ot punt ne charriere K'une planche, u passa cele gent pouniere  214
pé#1  pedaile  peon  peonage  peoner#1  peonet 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
peonier