pestrer1 (s.xiiiin)

Browse the Dictionary

    Loading...

Search Results

Your search results will appear here.

pestrer1 (s.xiiiin)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 8,603a pistrire; Gdf: 6,130b pestrer; GdfC: 10,328b pestrir; TL: 7,847 pestrer /7,847 pestrir; DEAF:  pestrir / pestrer (pestrir); DMF:  pestrer / pétrir; TLF:  pétrir; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 2294c pistorare (pistrare) ]
pesterer,  pestrier,  pestrir;  petrer,  petrir;  peystrer; 
imperat.5 pestricé,  pestrisez,  peistustrier peist(ust)rier  102.23 imperat.5 pestour  (O) 335ra imperat.5 prester,  p.pr.pl peytrusauns,  pestrizans  

In medieval Latin the verb pistorare (not attested in Classical Latin) has a primary sense of ‘to pound or grind’, with transferred secondary senses of ‘to bake, to cook by baking’ and ‘to knead’ (cf. DMLBS 2294c). The equivalent verb in Anglo-Norman (and Continental French) is attested predominantly with the sense of ‘to knead’, although the context is not always clear as to which part of the process of working with cereals/dough (grinding – kneading – baking) the verb refers.

Both formally and semantically, the verb is very similar with paster and pester1, and a certain level of merging of the three must have existed already in medieval times. However, their distinct etymologies together with a different emphasis on what is the main sense and the evidence of three different word-families in the derivational nouns validate the necessity of three separate articles.

v.a.

1to knead (together) (into a paste or dough)
( MS: s.xiii )  Por restreindre le marris mirre et encens seient pestri ensemble et quit en vin blaunc et foilles de roses  72.55
( c.1250; MS: s.xivin )  Ewe teve ho le flur medlez, Vostre past dounk pestrez (M.E. knede the douhe)  304
( s.xvin; MS: s.xv1 )  Et ové ewe teev le flour medlez, Et vostre paste ensy pesterez (M.E. kned)  32.1
( MS: s.xv )  Pestricé jus d'ache e mel e feine  122.E61
(TBD)  Pistores Parisius pinsunt (glosses: peystrent / pestrunt / pestrisint / pet[r]unt) pastam et formant panes, quos cocunt in furno  i 198.33 and ii 131.33
pestrer de, od
to mix in, knead into a paste or dough
( s.xiii2/3; MS: s.xiiim )  pernez le jus De lancelee e blanc de l'oef; Ferine de segle de ceo prestez, E sur la festre la past liez  1308
( MS: 1272-82 )  de palé le peisterez sovent, ki i ert peist(ust)rié (vars. qui ait esté pestrié (A)MS: s.xiv1/3) od le jus de maur grein de siu  102.23
( MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Semence de caunvre pernez, Od siu de bouc le pestrisez  169.645

sbst._inf.

1culin.baking, roasting (of meat)
( MS: 1419 )  Item, qe nul cook preigne plus pur un chapoun pestrer qe .j. denier  717

p.pr._as_s.

1occupationone who kneads and bakes bread
( MS: s.xii/xiii )  Pretereuntes in pinsentium (glosses: (O) pesturs) (vars. de pestrizans (L)MS: xiiiex; de peytrisauns (C)MS: xiiiex) ergasterio (=workshop) molas, cribra, clibanos, rotabula respeximus  i 174.86 and ii 46.86

p.p._as_a.

1culin.(of bread, etc.) baked
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2 )  vus ne averez la ren [...] for [...] un quarter de un payn le jur sulement, De bren e de orge, petré (vars. pestri (B)MS: c.1300) malement  (D) 925
( s.xiii2/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Clere gute de miel pernez, Od flur de segle la mellez; Un turtelet de ceo fras, Tant dur pestri cum porras  1323
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Item ad hom qui ad fich corant: triblez .ii. parties de planteine e la tierce de cenecion, si le bevez destempré od novel cerv(i)eise .vii. jours en decurs e .vii. en descresant un tortel de segle e de arnement pestri e quit  ii 272.145
pestrer#2  pestrie  pestrine#1  pestrisun  pestrur 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
pestrer_1