pounçon (1342)

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pounçon (1342)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,582b *punctiare; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,366b poinçon 1 /10,366c poinçon 2; TL: 7,1289 poinçon; DEAF:  poinçon; DMF:  poinçon; TLF:  poinçon; OED:  puncheon n.1 / puncheon n.2; MED:  punchoun n.; DMLBS: 2574c puncho ]
poncheon,  ponchon,  ponchoun,  ponçon,  pounceoun,  pouncheon,  pounchon,  pounsoun;  punchen,  punchon,  punchoun,  punçon,  punsyon,  pynson  

The precise meaning of the word in pro E101/479/30 is difficult to determine, as the term is merely listed among other tools. In this case it may refer to ‘a mason’s or marble-worker’s chisel’ (OED puncheon n.1 I.1), ‘Outil utilisé par les maçons pour dégrossir’ (DMF poinçon I.A.2), or even ‘Outil de forgeron : estampe à base concave servant à arrondir les têtes de clous’ (DMF poinçon I.A.3). It seems however, likely that a different implement is referred to here than the puncheon used by goldsmiths for marking their goods.

The sense ‘large barrel’ probably derives from the practice of marking barrels of approved capacity with an official stamp. The FEW suggests that the expression may at first have been tonneau à poinçon (‘stamped barrel’), reduced to a single word (FEW 9,584a; see also OED etymology of puncheon n.2).

s.

1implementpuncheon, tool for punching or piercing material
( 1367-69 )  .vij. tonges, .j. nailtol, .j. bicorne, .j. spentonge, .viij. punchons, .v. vyles, .j. folour, .j. wassh', et .j. herthstaf ferr'  E101/479/30
implementmetalpuncheon, tool for embossing a mark that certifies the quality of gold or silver
( 1358 )  [...] le pounceoun ové la teste de leopard pur mercher lour overaignes  66
( 1370 )  qe un vigne de chescun ville pur touz a Loundres, de quere lour certein touche [et] lour punçon  134
( 1371-72 )  mesme le jour ordeiné est et estably que nulle pois soit useez deinz la citee par nul home que q’il soit, s’il ne soit primerment assaié devaunt le mair de la dite citee, [et] d’une pounson a ceo fait et ordeiné par le dit mair marchez  i 16
2implementmetalembossed mark, produced by a puncheon, to certify the quality of gold or silver
( 1428-32 )  .vj. hanappes d’argent dorrés de semblable façon, de ponçon de Paris, esmaillés au fons  219.C30
( 1428-32 )  cinq grans chargeurs d’argent blanc, merché de ponçon de Rouen et faits a façon d’Angleterre  220.C38
3puncheon, large barrel or cask
( 1374 )  In .j. carecte conductione per unum diem pro bladi decimo apud Colne carando cum uno punchen ad idem et expensione eorundem .xx. denarii  puncheon n.2 (etym.)
( 1400 )  Pro .j. pynson sungm' alb', .j. pynson, .iij. bar' alic'  puncheon n.2
( 1429 )  .j. ponchon de eskerdes, valor .xl. s.  89.471
( 1436 )  .ij. pipes, .ij. ponchons de eskerdes, val. .x. li.  76
4archit.build.puncheon, upright piece of timber that provides support
( 1342 )  une garite dount les pouncheons serront de la hautesce de .vj. piez  434
( 1369 )  les principals poncheons que serront desuz le dit coiffetre serra chescun de eaux .x. pouces en laeure  442
( 1404-05 )  Item pur .iij. ponchons, .j. plate, .j. borde, un brake et .ij. quarters al pasterie place .xx. d.  6 Hen IV
( 1410 )  les punchouns del secund flore serrount faitz en hautesce, c'est assavoir des gistes d'icell jesq'al reson pece .viij. pees d'assise  484
archit.doorpost, jamb
( 1406-07 )  Espenses faitz entour la reparacioun del chapel et dedeins la quisine [...] pur un gros log a un threshfold [sic] et ponchon .xij. d.[...]  8 Hen IV
dore ponchoun
archit.doorpost, jamb
( 1409-10 )  Item pur .ij. quarters a un dore ponchoun et barres .vj. d.  12 Hen IV
pounce  pounsonné 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
pounçon