agravanter (s.xii1)

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agravanter (s.xii1)

[ FEW: 2/ii,1316a *crepantare; Gdf: 1,85b acravanter; GdfC: ; TL: 1,124 acraventer; DEAF: ; DMF:  acravanter; TLF:  accravanter; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
agraventer,  agraveinter;  acravanter,  acraventer;  encraventer,  engraventer,  atravanter acravanter,  atravantrer acravantrer,  augrevemir,  esgraventer  2735  

v.a.

1to knock down, demolish
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  acraventee(Latin: prostrata) est la terre  80.XLV.6
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Abatent la cité, la tur ont encraventee  625
( c.1230; MS: s.xiiiex )  Pur le chastel agravanter  3261
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiiiex )  ne ses arbres decouperent ne ses mesons acravanterent  (ed. atravantrerent) sicom il ad vers eus cunté  (X) 31
( 1330-31 )  e illuks le merin le dit J. de sa mayson acravanteront  (ed. atravanteront) a la vaylanz de xl. souz  97
to knock, throw down
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Un quarter (=of the helmet) en fist voler, E del healme plat tut ensement, Jusqu’a la tere tut agravent  10416
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  e les agravanta dekes enz en lur puiz pulent de enfern  95.17
( 1330 )  la dite Olive raverent, & augrevement (l. augreventent), & la detient uncore  ii 34
2to lay low, kill
( 1155; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Mais Belin les vait parsiuant, Qui mult les vait acraventant  2556
( s.xii2; MS: s.xiiex )  Remenez l’arche Deu de Israel […] que il n’agravented nus tuz  13
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2 )  tot freyt mort ly ad acraventé  (D) 1066
to defeat, beat
( 1121-35; MS: s.xii3/3 )  (JC in Hell:) Tuz les sons asemblat E Diable acravantad  512
( c.1170 )  Le poeple unt tut agraventé  5530
( 1174-75; MS: c.1200 )  le sucurs de sun fiz […] Fud le jor agraventé senz nule demurance  990
3 to overcome, overthrow
( c.1240; MS: c.1300 )  (the sultan of Babylon) Mult vout ke ele (=crestienté) fu agraveinté  232.22
to overwhelm
( s.xii2/4; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  Grant paor unt, ne gardent l'ore Que li tormenz les acravent  87
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  L’Estrages fu molt fort qe les ad agraventez  3566
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Qe ne doutent la mer ne riens kes agravent  6384
4also_fig.to defeat, confound
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  fet un froit trenchant e nege forment, Une neif si liee cum toison de bident. Mult ert grant merveille si ele nes acravent  5818
( c.1170 )  Mais cil cumpara tost sa mort, Si l’acraventera sun tort  3738
5to scatter, strew
( MS: s.xiii1 )  substernat: (R) agraventet  245
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  substernat: (L) agraventet, strayt (vars. aparaylit apar[p]aylit? (D)MS: xiii/xiv)  ii 69

v.n.

1to be crushed
( c.1245; MS: c.1255 )  Quant ad ceo wu trestut l’ost, Descumfist, repairent tost. Par vengance mut redutent K’il agraventent e tresbuchent  1344

v._refl.

1to humiliate oneself
( 1160-74; MS: s.xiiiin )  Alain ne se deigne abeissier  i 258.2603
graventer 
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
agravanter