poacre (s.xii1/3)

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poacre (s.xii1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,109b podagra; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,361c poacre /10,362c podagre 1 /10,362c podagre 2; TL: 7,1239 pöacre; DEAF:  poacre; DMF:  podagre / pouacre; TLF:  podagre 1 / podagre 2 / pouacre; OED:  podagra n. / podagre n. / podagre a. and n.2; MED:  podagra n. / podagre n. / podagre a.; DMLBS: 2328b podager /2328c podagra ]
poagra,  poagre;  podacre,  podagre;  potagre;  pouacre  

The editor of A-N Med accentuates the final syllable of the word when it refers to the person suffering from the disease (poagré) or when it is used adjectivally (podagré). The FEW confirms this is etymologically unnecessary, and the accented form, absent from the cognate dictionaries, is therefore not included in the AND. The separate etymologies for the disease – podagra – and the related adjective (and when used substantively, the person suffering from the disease) – podager – can no longer formally be distinguished in Anglo-Norman, and are therefore treated under one entry. The usage of the word for a disease found in birds appears to be unique to Anglo-Norman.


1pathol.med.suffering from podagra, gout of the foot
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm )  par le droit jugement Dieux il devient aragé et fu potagre (vars. podagre (A)MS: c.1375)  195.13
2pathol.med.afflicted by podagra, swollen and ulcerated with gout
( 1354; MS: c.1360 )  Ils devenent sovent plus gras et plus groos pieez et menbres, c’est de goutes q’il devenent gras et potagres et pleyns de maux humours  76.10
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Item ad dolour dé pez podagres  (ed. podagrés) : triblez ache vert od eisel e mettez  ii 249.106
gute poacre
pathol.med.podagra, gout of the foot
( MS: s.xiiiex )  A gute podagre: Medlez le mol de l'of od mel e oynez les pez de ceo  294.248
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  En enfirmeté longe sicum est gute caive e podagre e fevre quarteine [...]  ii 263.130


1pathol.med.podagra, gout of the foot
( s.xii1/3; MS: s.xiiex )  Medus [...] De viez (=long-established) poacre sanera  57.704
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  Marcellin [...] Feruz ert as piez de poacre, Tant qu'il ne pot por nul besoing Remuer soi ne praes ne loing Sanz ço qu'il ne fust aporté  1934
( s.xiii2/4; MS: c.1245 )  Icest meimes garist le poagra  121.135
( c.1270; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  A cesti une gute mut greveit En piez ke podagre a nun aveit  984
( c.1300 )  pouries humors [...] engendrent fleme tenant et viscous, et de ce viennent podagre et dolour de rains et la goute sciatike et la piere es rains  107.1305
orn.pathol.zool.med.inflammatory infection on the feet of birds, possibly bumblefoot
( MS: 1272-82 )  Si voustre oysel ad le poagre, pernez l’escorce del frene [...]  116.46
2pathol.med.one suffering from podagra, gout of the foot
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Cel poudre beve le pod[ag]re  (ms. podre)  (ed. poagré) e si est [garri] homme [qui] ad la goute aiue  ii 249.106
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.