poagrus (s.xii3/3)

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poagrus (s.xii3/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,109b podagra; Gdf: 6,237a poacros /6,240b podagreux; GdfC: ; TL: 7,1240 pöacros; DEAF:  poacre (poacros); DMF:  podagreux / pouacreux; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 2328c podagricus ]
pocrous,  pocrus,  pokerus  

The usage of the word for a disease found in birds appears to be unique to Anglo-Norman. Also the substantival use is not attested elsewhere, but its sole citation may be a corruption of [goute] pocrous. The monophtongisation of ‘oa’ to ‘o’ may be the result of an association of the word with Middle English pok n. (‘skin eruption, sore, pustule, pimple etc.’), even though such an adjective is not attested in English.


1pathol.med.afflicted by podagra, swollen and ulcerated with gout
( s.xii3/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Suz cel nen ad si fort leprus, Contreit, desfeit ne poagrus  1306
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Mains que sont pocrus e ad peez vaut mult un bain fete en ceste manere: parnez saveine, lavender [...]. Mesmes ceste mescine prophite ad lepros  ii 235.80
orn.pathol.zool.med.afflicted by an inflammatory infection on the feet of birds, possibly bumblefoot
( MS: s.xiiiex )  Si vostre falcun est pokerus des piez [...]  28.25


1pathol.med.podagra, gout of the foot
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  Item destrenchez od tote la bouele un grasse chat escorché e farsez une grasse ouye et cetera ut supra e si vaut ad goute e ad pocrous  ii 266.135
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.