poant (s.xii1/3)

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poant (s.xii1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,233b posse; Gdf: 6,237b poant; GdfC: ; TL: 7,1241 pöant; DEAF:  pooir (poant); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
poaunt;  poeant,  poiant;  puant,  peant  192.14
pl. and c.s. poanz,  poanz,  poaunz,  puanz  

In origin the word is one of the possible present participle forms of poer1, which became lexicalized as an adjective and noun in its own right (cf. pussant). It is attested mainly in twelfth- and early thirteenth-century texts, after which it seems to disappear, possibly in favour of the synonymous pussant. The deviant spelling used in Ancren1 dates from the end of the thirteenth century, which is considerably later than all other attestations.


1strong, able
( 1141; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  [i]cist rois sanz faille Poanz iert en bataille  442
2mighty, powerful
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 ) Li Sire forz e poanz, li Sire poanz en bataile  55.23.8
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiiex )  Kenut fut bon rei [riche e] poant Sa realted esteit mult grant  4677
( c.1230; MS: s.xiiim )  Fille esteit d'un roi poant, Qui mult ert pruz e vaillant  85
( s.xiiim; MS: c.1300 )  Ly pecheour, ly malfesaunt Sont al siecle riches e poaunt (var. pussant)  110
tut poant
estre poant de, sur, vers
1to be able to withstand
( s.xii1/3; MS: s.xiii2 )  Alectoires [...] homes fait forz et hardiz E poanz sur lur enemis  207.94
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xivin )  Corineus [...] Od les geanz soleit combatre; Si vilement les soleit abatre Cum fussent valiez de .xv. anz, Unc vers lui ne fust uns poanz  650
2to have power, dominion over
( 1113-19; MS: s.xiiiin )  (God) Poanz est par nature Sur tute creature  847
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xivin )  Tenu vus ai vos covenanz, De Bretaigne estes poanz  2914


1strong, able person
( s.xii1; MS: c.1145 )  Les saiettes del poant agues, ot carbuns degasteurs  121.119.4
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xivin )  Par sort elisent les plus poanz, Des chevalers les meuz vaillanz, Si[s] enveient en altre terre Pur lur gareison conquere  4613
( s.xiii2/4; MS: c.1300 )  Vulez k'a vus die La mort mesterie? Febles e poans Nul ne poet remeindre Ke nel sace ateindre, Tant ke seit fuanz  1047
2mighty, powerful person
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiiex )  [...] dist Hunlaf le poaunt  359
( s.xiii1/4; MS: s.xiiim )  Cent cinquante e plus li fis aveir Des plus poanz de la sarazine lei  659
( c.1230; MS: s.xiiim )  E li povre e li poant  6647
( MS: s.xiiiex )  (God) par sa povre gent conquiert les poanz (var. (A: s.xiiiex) puissanz)  78.49
le tut poant
nunpoant  poable  poance  poantment  podestat  poer#1  poer#2  poeros  poeste  poesté  poestif  poestivement  possible  possiblement  possibleté  potence  potent  potestat  potestatem  pouaille  pussablement  pussance  pussant  pussantment  pussaument  surpoant  trespoant  trestutpoant  tutpoant 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.