[heesel] (c.1290)

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The form issel is a cross reference to the following entry:

[heesel] (c.1290)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 16,121b *haisi; Gdf: 4,430c haseau; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: H72 haise; DMF:  haseau; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
essel,  issel; 
pl. esseaus  

The possible confusion of this word with the very similar essel (‘axle-tree’) and essele1 (‘armpit’) is highlighted in bibb roth (G) 861-62, to the extent even that different manuscripts provide different Middle English glosses. Some confusion is also possible with ussel (see commentary for that entry).


1agriculturalswing-gate to prevent cattle from straying
( c.1290; MS: 1307-25 )  Des esseaus plus vous dirroms: Il ad essel (M.E. axetre, lidegate) e assel E li tierz ki ad a noun ascel  866-67
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Un dee (=swarm of bees) aherda et vola par my un issel (M.E. lideȝate)  616
( MS: s.xiv2 )  L'essel fait bon a esteir Od un dame en vil champestre Pour le chaump salver aumail (=cattle) Qe degasterount le semail  866 (var. (4))
This is an AND2 Phase 2 (F-H) entry. © 2006-2008 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.