runger (c.1174)

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runger (c.1174)


[ FEW: 10,560a rumigare; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,589c rongier; TL: 8,1460 rongier 1  /8,1461 rongier 2; DEAF:  rongier; DMF:  ronger; TLF:  ronger; OED:  rounge v.; MED:  roungen v.; DMLBS: 2869c rumigare /2867c rugire 2 ]
rogner,  ronger,  rongier,  rounger;  ruigner,  rungier,  roiner ronjer,  roncher  

This verb seems to overlap with roigner (‘to cut trim’), which, though similar in form and prone to cross over in some of its senses, derives from a different etymology (*rotundiare). While AND1 treated both verbs in one entry (roigner), AND2 separates them on an etymological/semantic basis.


1to gnaw, nibble, eat by chewing vigorously or biting persistently
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  dedenz cel an porent sa char li ver mangier (vars. rungier (B)MS: s.xiiiin)  1459 (var.)
( c.1270; MS: c.1270-75 )  locustes [...] rongent tutes reverdisauntes choses  332
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1300 )  e voz os rognerunt Bestes de terre  170.909
( s.xiv; MS: s.xivm )  tant com il =the antelope est rongeant (vars. roncheant (B)MS: c.1330) les burgeons de ces foilles, il est gueyté del venour […]  73
zool.mammalsto ruminate, to chew (partially digested food)
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  chescun =goat tourne a autre le dos et gist rongeant ceo qe ad mangee  15
( s.xivm; MS: s.xivex )  nous peccheoms a manger des bestes qe furent defenduz en Veil Testament, ceo est des porceaux des lievres e d’autres bestes qe ne roignent point lour viaunde  112
2to chew at, gnaw
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim )  Cist diable Amalech est ensement cume taupe ki terre fuet e terre muet, terre furge e terre runge  i 11
( c.1305; MS: c.1330 )  the horse Ceo ne put deporter, ne mie bonement, K’yl ne voise grundilaunt mult inpacient, Ben roinant (l. ronjant) le frein e aguzant le dent  120
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm )  il =Nero se occist meismes qar de ses denz rounga un palu  =stake et del agu s’enbowela meismes  130.27
( 1396; MS: s.xv1 )  Et quant ils en aront trestout mangés, ils rueront les os a lour mastins. Donques ils [les] rongerount si fort  17.34
3to consider, meditate upon, turn over repeatedly in the mind
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiv1 )  Si cest escrit rungeast sovent, De pecher ne avereit talent  575
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  Sages est ki ad en us Sovent ronger cest nun Jesus  175.54
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  par corouce qe sourde de graunt envye, chescun de autre se retret e va roungeaunt en malice ceo qe avant ad conceu  15


1to chew vigorously, gnaw
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Femme lesche et rounge (M.E. likkith and gnaweth)  101
zool.mammalsto ruminate, to chew partially digested food
( c.1285; MS: c.1312 )  oxen manguent lur saule e pus seient e roungent  332.c83
( s.xiv1/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Il =the hare porte gresce e crote, e ronge  7
pathol.(of a cancer) to gnaw, eat, spread
( c.1240; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Icele manere de cancre auchune fois s'eslargist e runge en coste  i 85.xiv
runger a coer
fig.emotionto gnaw at one’s heart, affect deeply
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  par desestablité humeyne Runga au quor pensee veyne  4888

v.refl. gnaw at oneself
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  Envious soi meisme ronge Premierement, e puis voonge Sour autrui tote sa malice  221


1(the action of) gnawing, nibbling
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  la neyr =one of two smalls animal hiding among the roots of a tree si est la nuyt par queux la arbre va en declin tant qe au dreyn par lur ronger serra abatu  46


1pathol.eaten away, scarred by disease
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  La buche e jowe le fust hunye E rungé de gref maladye  716
costume(of clothes) moth-eaten, shabby
( s.xivin; MS: 1382 )  Ma manche est tavelee Et de verons (l. verms) tut rongee (M.E. with moutys gnawyn)  413
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.