poigner1 (1141)

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poigner1 (1141)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,513b pugnare; Gdf: 6,249b poignier 2; GdfC: ; TL: 7,2083 poignier; DEAF:  poignier; DMF:  poignier; TLF: ; OED:  pugne v.; MED:  pugnen v.; DMLBS: 2565c pugnare ]
poignier;  poiner,  poinner,  ponner,  poyner;  puigner  

Some verbal forms overlap with poindre1 (‘to prick’, but also ‘to spur a horse’), and confusion between the two verbs may have been possible. In addition, further association of the verb with poin1 (‘fist’) (cf. commentary sub poigneis) may make it difficult, at times, to distinguish it completely from poiner1.

v.a.

1mil.to attack, fight against
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Enchacent Persant e poignent Medien E Turc e Arabie [...]  3017
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  De lances e cuteus e gros bastun poinnal Ferent, batent e poinnent cist pautener vassal  1609

v.n.

1mil.to attack, fight
( 1141; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  si vendrunt corant, Si poinent purpernaunt E dejuste Orient Fosses ferunt la gent  622
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiim )  Es vus poinant dan Horn  (O) 4792
( s.xiii1/4; MS: s.xiiim )  Al haterel detriés li dunad un colp tel Que andous les oilz li fist del chef voler [...] Este vus (=behold) poignant un fort rei  3273
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  (saints of old) quant furent debrisez par mort, les unz par martir, les autres par penance longe [...], lors sont trovez poignantz (var. poynaunt (B)MS: c.1330) e vertuous qe avant apparerent despitous  105
to attack, assault
( c.1195; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Sur els veeit draguns ardanz, Quis poigneient e turmentouent, Od denz ardanz les devorouent  997

p.p._as_a.

1mil.under attack, assailed
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Desuz Japhet, en une grant valee, Iloc il restut od la poigné (var. od grant podnee (E)MS: s.xiiim; sa gent ponnee (B)MS: s.xiii3/4; ové sa posnee (M)MS: c.1400). Li reis Achab de ren ne se retrait, Il vait encontre od la gent qu'il aveit  14853 (var. B)
impugner  poigne#1  poigneis  poignere  poigneur  repugnant  repugner 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
poigner_1