[poigneis] (c.1185)

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[poigneis] (c.1185)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,598b pungere; Gdf: 6,247a poigneis 1 /6,127b poigneis 2; GdfC: ; TL: 7,2078 poignëiz; DEAF:  poignier (poigneïz); DMF:  poignis; TLF: ; OED:  poynye n.; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
poignez,  poiné,  poingniz;  pongneiz;  poygniz,  poyné;  pugniz;  puignay,  puignez;  puingnee;  punyes,  pungneiz,  puynyce  321.968  

The FEW proposes pungere as the etymon, which groups this noun with poindre1 (‘to prick, pierce, stab’). However, it confirms (9,600a n.9) that this noun may also be derived from the verb pugnare (‘to engage in single combat, to fight, wrestle’ DMLBS 2565c), although, it claims, vernacular derivatives of this verb are rare. Semantically, a small group of words, centred around poigne1 (from pugna, ‘battle’) seems to have existed in Anglo-Norman. As the OED suggests, because of the formal and semantic overlap, a further association of the word-group with poin1 (‘fist’), from Latin pugnus, seems likely (etymology of poynye n.).

s.

1mil.fight, combat
( c.1185; MS: s.xiiim )  Mut l’aveit ben fet tut le jur El pongneiz (var. En poinez (B)MS: s.xivin; En le poignez (D)MS: s.xivm) e en l’estur  6008
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  La veisiez tel pungneiz De ces bons chevaliers hardiz  13747
( 1216-25; MS: 1307-15 )  Cest an fust fet un assay de un poingniz entre Henri de Essex e Robert de Munfort: mes Robert lessa Henri pur poy tut mort el champ  214
( s.xiii3/3; MS: s.xivm )  Aprés ce le Roi Richard acheva devers les Franceis plusours batailles, poynés de guerre, chivauchés, rescouses, assautes des villes et chastelx, et toutplein d'autres nobles faitz d'armes  45.2
conflict, disagreement (?)
( 1415-22 )  soit ung registreur ordonné par le souverain de la compaignie [...] pour [...] registrer loyaument [...] les paines et les causes des paines, les reconciliacions des pugniz, et tous autres actes et leurs causes  384.324
poigne#1  poigner#1  poignere  poigneur 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
poigneis