pitivous (s.xiiiex)

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pitivous (s.xiiiex)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 8,439b pietas; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  pitié (pitivous); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  piteous a. (pitevous); MED:  pitous a. (pitivous); DMLBS: ]
pitivus,  pietevouz  

It is debatable whether the word, unattested in Continental French, should be spelled with a ‘u’ (vowel) or a ‘v’ (consonant). Thus the form interpreted as pitiuous would only be a variant spelling of pitus rather than a separate word. However, as the OED suggests (see etymological comment to piteous a.), the v-spelling seems to be real at least in English, and may have originated under the influence of the adjectival suffix -ive (e.g. pensive, furtive, etc.). Anglo-Norman, just like English, seems to have favoured a v-spelling too, with an entry like pitif confirming the presence of a fricative consonant.


1emotioncompassionate, caring, kind
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm )  Cist Lowis n’estoit pas mout chivalerous, mes pitivous et debonere  251.12
theol.merciful, benevolent towards humankind
( MS: s.xiiiex )  Beaun Sire Deu, [...] com Vus estes rey pitivus  (ed. pitiuus) plain de misericorde  287.176
2pitiable, lamentable, deserving of compassion
( 1461 )  [...] les citeez, burghs et villes mesme le roialme, cheiez en graunde et pietevouz  (ed. pieteuouz) decline, desolacion et ruine  ii 392
pide  pitance  pité  piteable  piteiance  piteier  pitif  pitiver  pitivousement  pitus  pitusement  piu#1  piuement  trespitivous 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.