oste1 (c.1185)

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oste1 (c.1185)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 4,491a hospes; Gdf: 4,502c hoste; GdfC: 9,769b hoste; TL: 6,1361 oste; DEAF:  oste; DMF:  hôte; TLF:  hôte; OED:  host n.2; MED:  host(e n.2; DMLBS: 1179a hospes ]
host,  hoste;  houste; 
pl. hosties,  hostz  

The expected sense of ‘landlord of an inn or lodging house’ (see MED, OED and DMF) is not readily found in Anglo-Norman. Although it is to some extent implied by the more particular ‘(merc.) host, landlord of an alien merchant, who acts as an advisor and supervisor in return for a commission’, it may be that the terms used in these instances were osteler1 or, less commonly, ostelein.

In AND1, the citation from Serm1 1833 was interpreted as providing an isolated adjectival use of the word hoste (glossed as ‘strange, alien, foreign’). Such a use would have been unique to Anglo-Norman, and it is not attested in any of the other dictionaries. However, a closer look at the passage shows that the word (especially with the text editor’s comma after cheitif removed) makes perfect sense as a substantive. Consequently, that citation has now been moved to sense 2: ‘visitor (to a town, country, etc.), stranger’.

s.

1guest, visitor to one's house
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  (the truth) Que vus avez si rebuté, Que quant a vus est venue Neis cum oste n'est receue Ki deust estre citeeine E od nus clamé suvereine  1108
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  La sale ou receuz seront Voz hostes quant a vos vendront  51ra
( c.1241; MS: s.xiii2 )  [...] ke trestuz les hostes seculers e religius seyent [...] a bele chere receu  400.xx
( MS: s.xiv2/3 )  Houstes a lui attret Qe beal semblant lour faet  170.91
(paying) guest (in an inn or lodging house)
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  voloms qe chescun respoigne pur soen hoste qe il avera herbergé plus de deus nuytz ensemble, issi qe la premere nuyt soit tenu pur estraunge cum uncouth, le autre nuyt geste, et la terce nuyt oune hyne (=one's own kind)  i 49
( 1363 )  Item, que chescun hostiler et herbergeour face garnir ses hostes q'ils lessent lour armes en lour hostels  iii 705
eccl.monasticvisitor, guest (in a monastery)
( 1285 )  E nus averuns tute la haute justice, excepté l'estat ke demoert as devauntdit religius, e a lur eglise; e excepté ke si luy home ou luy hoste de cele eglise forfacent chose, que a haute justice apartenist, la ou il covenist fere execution de justise, nus [...] fruns la execution du cors del homme, e de say maysun  i 657
merch.alien merchant who operates under the supervision of a local landlord against commission
( 1357 )  Et qe touz les hostilers soient sermentez devant les gardeins de la feyre et enjointz sur gref forfaiture du Roi, de receiver lour houstes bien et covenablement resonablement parnant de chescune last qe serra vendue as autres marchantz qe as ditz hostilers quarrant denies  i 354
2visitor (to a town, country, etc.), stranger
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  Cea endreit venistis le chemin Si cum oste e pelerin  1340
( s.xiii2/4; MS: c.1300 )  Enferm fui e mendif Entre vus cheitif Hoste e meseisé  1833
( s.xiv1; MS: c.1361 )  (Paulus travels to Athens:) Les Athemensiens (=Athenians) adecertes, et touz les estraunges hostes (Latin: et advenae hospites), donerent entente a nulle altre chose fors a dire ascune rien de novelerie  (A) 370b
3host, one who receives guests in his house
( c.1185 )  En la vile ches un burgeis Se herbergent od lor herneis. Melander ad l'ost apelé, De la reine ad demandé Les noveles u ele esteit  2857
( c.1270; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  L'oste dunc, ke herbergé l'aveit Tut le tens puis ke malade esteit [...]  M323
( c.1275; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Deus Freres Menurs herbergerent A sa mesun e troverent Hoste e hostel charytable  8098
merch.host, landlord of an alien merchant, who acts as an advisor and supervisor in return for a commission
( 1291 )  Qe nul [...] seyt hoste de marchaunts estraunges qe venent a la dite vile par ewe ovesqes lour marchaundises illeoqes pur vendre, e qe teux hostes seyent cunseilliauntz a lour marchaunts  ii 181
( 1354; MS: c.1360 )  sicom le maryner qe ne vorreit mye par son gree venir hors de la mere, car paraventure il doit son hoste ascune chose et aillours, de quoi lui covendra conter et paier, ou aler en prison  93
( 1380; MS: s.xv1 )  Item les ditz Burgeises ont fait tielle ordeignance entre eux que chescun pessoner qui vient a la dite Rode ové harang avera vostre host en la dite ville de J[ernemuthe] a qui covient le dit pessoner vendre son harang voille ou noun au pris de son dit host soulement, countre la tenure de lour dit chartre  24.36 and 38
( 1420 )  Item, priont les ditz communes, qe toutz les marchauntz estraungers repairauntz en Engleterre, soient misez a oste, accordant a l'ordinaunce ent faite  iv 126.21
ostage#2  ostel  ostelage  ostelein  osteler#1  osteler#2  ostelere  ostelerie  ostelet#1  ostelment  oster#2  osterie  ostesse 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
oste_1