none1 (s.xii¼)

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none1 (s.xii¼)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 7,189b nones; Gdf: 5,524b none; GdfC: 10,208a none; TL: 6,784 none 2; DEAF: ; DMF:  none; TLF:  none; OED:  none n. / nones n.1 / nones n.2 / nones n.3 / noon n.; MED:  non n. / nones n.2; DMLBS: 1928c nonus ]
non,  nonne,  noon,  noone;  noun,  noune,  nounne;  nune,  noen  iii 502 nome  

In medieval time-keeping, the none or ‘ninth hour’ seem to have referred to different times of the day. Strictly speaking, the ‘ninth’ canonical hour is around 3 p.m., in the middle of the afternoon. However, in medieval times (and particularly in England) the period that was referred to as none (both in English and in Anglo-Norman) began to move back in time, and soon became synonymous with ‘midi’, i.e. midday, resulting in Modern English ‘noon’. Nevertheless, the original sense also seems to have persisted all through the A-N period. For more information, see FEW 7,190a, and William Rothwell, ‘The hours of the day in medieval French’, French Studies 13 (1959), 240-51, and ‘A further note on nonne’, French Studies 20 (1966), 223-5.

a.num.

1num.ninth
( 1113-19; MS: s.xii2 )  Gerlan le vus dirat, Ki ben espruved l’at Enz el quint capitele Qu’il ad fait de sun livere, E Turkil el terz livere E el nome capitele  2400
( 1280-1307; MS: s.xiv1 )  Gregori le pape, qe none est nomee  479.195

s.

1liturgicaltimeninth hour of the canonical day, mid-afternoon (around 3 p.m.)
( s.xii¼; MS: s.xiv1 )  Sicum fud er al samedi, Vinc ci entre nune e midi  1428
( 1113-19; MS: s.xii2 )  Nepurquant par demures Que nus apelum 'hures' En est divisiun Par itele raisun, Char prime apelent le une, Terce, midi e nune, La quinte, remuntee, E la siste, vespree  252
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiiiex )  Coment li douz Jhesu se porta de midi jusques a noune  29.vi.5
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm )  le jour devynt obscure de mydé tanqe a nonne (l. noune) pur tut cest monde  161
timenoon, midday
( c.1339 )  si l’achat soit fait a manger oue aprés manger, dunk est l’achatour tenuz [a] citeseynz qe de li demaundrount part (=lot) avaunt noun l’endemeyn et nient eutre  ii 173
( 1397 )  entour .viij. del clokke devaunt l'oure de noon [...] et revient a luy entour l'oure de neof del clokke aprés l'oure de noon, mesme le jour  iii 379
( 1403 )  Escript a Hereford, en tresgraunte haste, a trois de la clocke aprés noone, le tierce jour de septembre  i 159
2eccl.liturgicaloffice of Nones (with some flexibility regarding the time of day when these were held)
( 1121-35; MS: s.xii3/3 )  Pur ceo nune cantum Kar en icele saisun Li espirit s’en alat E la terre tremblat  281
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  Quant il fu descenduz, al mustier s'en alad. S'il esteit de chanter none tens demandad. Mais ultre none esteit: none e vespres chantad  73
( c.1245; MS: c.1255 )  Mi moinne deussent lever, Nune a cest' hure chanter  4394
( c.1260; MS: s.xiv1 )  Le samadi a midi nune sonerent  1439
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xivin )  Chescune die ses houres [...] Noune touz jours aprés mangier et quant vous dormez aprés dormir tant come esté dure [...] En yver, avant mangier [...]  15.28
none close
clore
halte none
timehigh noon, midday or early afternoon
( c.1240; MS: c.1300 )  Chescune symaine par vendredi [...] Kant haute nune serra passé, Cele curtine ert sus levé  231.43
( 1355 )  ils tuerent William de Holme, malveisement en treson, entour la haute nounne, en boys de Somersham  ii 267
( a.1382 )  Et entour le haute none si commencerent les batailles d'entreferire  22.28

s._sg._and_pl.

1timehist.nones (of the Roman calendar), the ninth day before the ides of a month (i.e. the 7th of March, May, July, October, and the 5th of the other months)
( 1113-19; MS: s.xii3/3 )  [...] Puis les nones feverier Que est aprof genever  3385
( 1256; MS: c.1300 )  Ces quatre meis, Marz e May, Joingnet, Octobre, ben le say, Al setime jor nones averez, Al quint des altres les tenez  499
( s.xiii3/3; MS: s.xivm )  Si departist hors del prison [...] le jour devant les nones de feverer  43.2
( a.1399 )  Mesme celle an .lxix. nones de Novembre morust le noble count de Southefolk  62.22
secunde, terce (etc.) none(s)
timesecond, third (etc.) day before the nones of a month
( 1113-19; MS: s.xii2 )  (Advent:) Deva[n]t les .v. kalendes De decembre, en vertéd, Ne deit esree esguardéd, Ne aprof les .iij. Nones de icel meimes mais  3456
( 1216-25; MS: 1307-15 )  Anno gratiæ .m. .cc. .xix. fust Seint Thomas, le erceveske de Cantorbire, translaté la secunde noune de Juil  282.6
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  As quartes nones k’en aust venent De sa truvure feste tenent  437r
( c.1335; MS: s.xivm )  Meisme cel an le quinte noun de Decembre murust le pape Johan le XXII a Avynoun  170
noef#1  noefisme  nonsion  novene#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
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