essart (s.xii¼)

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essart (s.xii¼)

[ FEW: 3,318a *exsartum; Gdf: 3,567c essart; GdfC: ; TL: 3,1291 essart; DEAF: ; DMF:  essart; TLF:  essart; OED:  assart n. / essart n.; MED:  assart n.; DMLBS: 864b exsartum ]
asart,  asarte,  assart,  assaitassart  ii 414 esseitessart  ii 414 pl. assartiz  121 pl. assertes  

s.

1clearing, open space (in a wood)
( s.xii¼; MS: s.xiv1 )  iloec art Cum bruere en un asart  1158
( c.1160; MS: s.xiiim )  Gires li feit a une part Une logette en sun essart  1534
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Qui dunc veist saillir Lumbarz Cum cheveroil hors des assarz  5816
2lawassart, a piece of forest land or pasture land converted into arable land
( 1314 )  Lexcigworthe est un assart en Lextone  Ed II xviii 136
( 1323 )  des countees, citees [...] villes, hundredz, assartz et purprestures  850
( c.1327 )  une assait (l. assart) en la foreste de R. […]. R.F. de C, plosours autres […] ousterent les avaundiz R. & J. de l’esseit (l. essart)  ii 414
( 1330 )  les Dismes des assertes qe sun sic fet  ii 44
taxtax levied for assarting
( 1328 )  qe puse estre deschargee de un annuel assart de xxx s. vi d. qe ly sound demaundetz  ii 20
3destruction, slaughter
( c.1230; MS: s.xiiiex )  Si li f[e]ist mult grant essart  212
faire essart de
to assart (to clear an area and convert it into arable land)
( c.1245; MS: c.1255 )  La gent reint e maisuns art. De bois e gardins fait assart  4696
to destroy, slaughter
( 1174-75; MS: c.1200 )  De cele gent estrange fait merveillus essart  1052
( c.1235; MS: c.1235 )  Descunfit s’en vunt li bastard, Dunt li rois fait grant assart  344rubr
fig.to sweep away
( c.1300; MS: s.xivm )  celui qe fet asart De chescun peril e des enuyz  438
mettre a l'essart
to assart (to clear an area and convert it into arable land)
( 1322 )  tauntqe Thomas, adonqes counte de Lancastre, les deseisi de mesme cele pasture e la fit arenter as certeins tenauntz en Hondford qi la mistrent en assart  SC 8/6/278
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
essart