reste2 (c.1250)

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reste2 (c.1250)


[ FEW: *10,317a restare; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  rest a. / resty a.1; MED:  resti a.; DMLBS: ]
rest,  resté  

The only attested form, reste, can be interpreted as either resté (with the tonic e of a past participle form) or as the feminine form of rest. English borrowings as both rest and resty confirm the validity of both interpretations. The boz Char citation has the word rhyming with beste, and corroborates the atonic form. In all other attestations, the word may also be read as resté. The OED suggests an etymology from the past participle of rester (‘left over, remaining’).


1(of meat or fat) rancid, stale
( c.1250; MS: 1307-25 )  Mes si vous quillez genz a festes, Priez ceuz que sunt en questes Pur lur malicez [...]. Mes [si] devisé point ne estes A ceuz donez les chars restes  367
( MS: s.xivin )  Il avera pain musy ho cerveise assez egre, Bure assez reste  i 155
( c.1305; MS: c.1330 )  Cele qe fu si freche ja devent si reste Ke le marchaunt se repentereyt qe achata cele beste  323
( a.1399; MS: a.1399 )  ceo =gold concealed inside a barrel of fish fuist reste et nyent profitable, qare il ne fuist mye bien ne loialment gayné  92.32
restat  reste#1  resteance  restement#1  rester#1  restif  restiver 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.