resoudre (1214-16)

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resoudre (1214-16)

[gdw]

[ FEW: 10,302b resolvere; Gdf: 7,105b resoudre 1; GdfC: 10,558b resoudre; TL: 8,1040 resoudre; DEAF:  resoudre; DMF:  résoudre; TLF:  résoudre; OED:  resolute a.; MED:  resolute a.; DMLBS: 2797b resolvere ]

imp.5 resolvez,  resoylez  380.5
p.p. resolé,  resolu,  resolut; 
p.p.pl. resolous,  resouz  1524 resus  379.1  

This entry combines three possible separate articles, derived from the same etymon, but producing different forms: resoudre, resolver and resoler.

Firstly, resolver is attested (albeit rarely) in Continental French (DMF: résolver; GDF: resolver 7,102c; TL: resolver 8,1026; DEAF: resoudre (resolver); FEW: resolvere 10,303b), and the form is borrowed into Middle English (OED: resolver n.; MED: resolven n.). In Anglo-Norman, the only trace of this a verb is the imp.5. form resolvez, as used repeatedly in Alchimie. However, this form also represents the imp.5. form of resoudre, and these attestations alone are not enough to support the creation of a separate entry for resolver.

Secondly, AND1 included a separate entry for resoler, based on the past participle form resolé, as attested in A-N Med. No such verb is attested in Continental French. As the conjugation of the verb resoudre produces forms with a resol- root, it is more likely that the form resolé represents an unusual variant of the standard past participle resolu. Consequently, the separate AND1 entry resoler has been incorporated here.

v.a.

1to dissolve, cause to break up into constituent parts or elements
( c.1270; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Humeine cors, devez saver, K'est vessel de beivre e mangier, Enmenusez est e remenez En la matire, bien le saciez, E princés – dunt primes fu Come d'elemenz engendré e conceu – Par chaline ke l'umur ensecchist, La quele le cors pest e norrist, Mes resouz est (Latin: resolvuntur) e remenez As princés dunt estoit nez  1524
2alchem.pharm.to dissolve, cause to break up (typically in contact with a liquid)
( c.1300; MS: s.xivin )  donet piles de cynoglose [...]. E le patient les tiegne desouz sa lange deke seyent resolés  ii 160.99
( MS: s.xiv1/3 )  Lessét le boyler isi, ne mie del tot, deke le sufre seyt resus. Et kaunt il est resus [...]  379.1
( MS: s.xiv1/3 )  Pernez .i. livre de sal armoniak [...], si metez a tot .ij. livres de aqua vite, si le resolvez  382.16
( MS: s.xv )  Lez avauntditz choses soient poudrez e resolous en lez oyles  110S.210
3to resolve, settle, produce a solution to
( 1214-16; MS: 1214-16 )  poons Resoudre icestes questions  2678
resoudre en fumee
1to evaporate, convert to a gaseous state
( c.1300; MS: s.xivin )  amerté de la bouche [...] avient de freid humor resolé en fumé [...]  ii 171.141
( c.1300; MS: s.xivin )  verte busche ke n'est pas amere est resolé en fumé e espessit e devient amere fulige .i. sot  ii 171.141

p.p._as_a.

1alchem.pharm.dissolved, broken up and mixed with a liquid
( MS: s.xiv1/3 )  metez a tot sal gemme ou cel commun resolut, se est a saver a un livre de esteym, demi livre de cel, si le triblez mout byen ensemble  380.6
evaporated, converted to a gaseous state
( c.1300; MS: s.xivin )   A dolor de la teste de fu e de fumosité resolee de vin [...]  ii 138.8
2finan.paid in full
( 1373 )  Et le dit Thomas Wombewelle paiera sibien a nous come al maistre del hospital de Castilton touz les rent resolutz pur mesmes les terres  ii 211
soudre#1  resolucion 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
resoudre