pyker (1357)

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pyker (1357)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *8,433a picus; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  picard n.2; MED:  picarde(e; DMLBS: 2273c Picardus 1 ]
picard,  pikarde  
M.E. (?)

As the OED (Third Edition, 2006) points out, the etymology of the word is unclear, but might be related to pic1, on the grounds that this type of ship may have had a pointed shape. At some stage, the spelling suggests, the word became associated with Picard1, although there does not seem to be any geographical justification for this.


1ship.type of river boat used for transporting merchandise to and from larger vessels
( 1357 )  [...] et qe les niefs appellez pykers achatent fraunchement harang fresch [...]; Issint toutefoitz qe plus de harang ne soit deschargez en la rode de Kirkele, hors de niefs de peschours, fors tant qe porra resonablement suffire a la charge de pykers, qe illoeqes vendront pur celle cause  i 354
( 1371 )  Sciatis quod assignavimus dilectum servientem [...] ad [...]omnia vasa et batellas vocatas Pikardes portagii decem doliorum et ultra [...] arestandum  iii 912
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.