pulent1 (s.xii1/3)

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pulent1 (s.xii1/3)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 9,644b *putulentus; Gdf: 6,463c pullent; GdfC: ; TL: 7,2077 pullent; DEAF:  pullent; DMF:  pullent; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: ]
pollent;  pudlent,  puilent,  puillent,  pulant,  pullant,  pullent;  puslent,  putlent,  bulent  186.24 (var.) purlent  (ms. pirclent)  1584 putzlent  (ms. putz lent)  4059
pl. pudlens,  pudlenz,  pulanz,  pulens,  pulenz,  pullens,  pullenz  

The lexeme may also have been influenced by classical Latin purulentus (‘1. that contains, consists of, or resembles pus, (also in general sense) rotten or putrid’ and ‘2. filthy, dirty’, DMLBS 2585c), which, through loss of the inter-consonantal u and subsequent assimilation of r and l, would also have produced pullent. The word’s third sense in the DMLBS, ‘blocked with the mucus of the nose, snotty’, is also found associated with Anglo-Norman pullent.

The spelling purlent, attested in Secr1 1584, would confirm such a link; however, this form is a questionable editorial correction of the unlikely manuscript reading pirclent. The latter may have to be read as pirelent, but no such adjectival form, or any discernible variant of purulent, is otherwise attested in Anglo-Norman.


1stinking, foul-smelling
( 1121-25; MS: s.xiv1 )  (parts of Hell:) Cil del munt est plus penibles, E cil del val plus horribles: Cil pres de l'air calz e sullenz, Cil pres de mer freiz e pullenz  1346
( 1121-35; MS: s.xii3/3 )  Le mort peissun pullent  2640
( 1181-85; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Lé cors unt [e] neirs a suillens, E de suur teinz a pullens  744
( s.xii4/4; MS: s.xii4/4 )  La dame fu erraument prise E en pudlente chartre mise  1482
( c.1200; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  une valee [...] Trop puilente e plein d’ordure  2049
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  mangez jun puliol e pur aleine pulente beive le jus  ii 268
repulsive, disgusting
( s.xii1/3; MS: c.1200 )  E s[e] el[e] est od miel triblee E sur la plaie seit posee Qu’aspis fera, cel verm pullent, Ço ert [bon] medicinement  235.957
( MS: s.xiiim )  le frere prist pur miel [...] De cel pullent jus (=lamp oil); sil mist en le pulment  426
pathol.med.putrid, gangrenous and foul-smelling
( c.1240; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  E cancre pullente e neire amortist par la pudre des affodilles  i 85.xvi
theol.foul, unclean, stinking of sin
( c.1200; MS: s.xiiiin )  ki ci (=on earth) furent pudlent, par dreit deivent estre la (=in Hell) pené en pudlentie  83.15
( c.1200; MS: c.1220-40 )  Loth nen out teche de pecché puillent (var. (B: s.xiii3/4) putlent)  (E) 410
( s.xiii2/4; MS: c.1255 )  li felun Gius pullant  130
( c.1240; MS: c.1300 )  Un dolerus pulent peccheur  6.58
2pathol.med.blocked with mucus
( s.xiii2/3; MS: s.xiiim )  Ky les narilles pudlentes ad, Medicine bone ci troverat Par quei il purat tost trover Icele vice e tut oster  181
( MS: s.xv )  Pur narilles pudlens: Ceste enfermeté avent del cervel  135.E202


1theol.one who is foul, unclean, stinking of sin
( c.1200; MS: s.xiii1 )  En emfert le pulent sofrent grant dolur  101
( c.1360-79; MS: s.xivex )  irrez [...] A cel Herode le pulent, Qui fait tenir le grief tournoy En bass enfern de male gent  11468
2theol.stench of sinfulness
( 1171-74; MS: c.1200 )  Pur le pudlent de cors l'anme perdre volez  126
pulentement  pulenter  pulenterie  pulentic  pulentie  trespulent 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.