peel2 (1305)

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peel2 (1305)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *7,524b palus /*8,475a pila; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  pale n.1 / peel n.2 / pile n.3; MED:  pel n.1; DMLBS: 2092a palus 1 /2172b pelum 2 /2279b pila 3 ]
pele,  piel,  pile,  pyel  

This term has two possible Latin etyma, both of which could have generated these forms and this meaning. On the one hand, both palus, related to pal1(‘stake, fence’) and medieval Latin pelum (‘stake, fence’, ultimately also from palus but influenced by vernacular pel) refer to a round fortress within a palisade; on the other, pila, related to pile3 (‘pillar, pile’), refers to a fortified tower.


1mil.archit.fort, stronghold, peel-tower
( 1305 )  la ad nostre seignur abatu tut le plus de le Boyz pur soen peel de Dunfres e soen peel de Holmcoltram  129
( c.1319 )  ceus qe ount demoré en le pyel de Stawrth sur sa terre saunz ren donaunt  159
( 1326 )  Thomas emprist a faire e reparailler le Pele de Stanworth selonc le endentures faites entre nostre dit seignur le roi e l'avantdit Thomas  SC 8/218/10882
( 1330 )  graunta la garde du piel de Heghened  ii 34
( c.1335; MS: s.xivm )  William Douglas, qi fu gardein del dit peel de Loughmaban  158
( a.1382 )  siglerent vers le pele de Estholme en Galway et illoeqespristrent nutaundre mounsire Donkal Makduel [...] et touz les biens qe furrent trovez dedeinz le dit pele [...] et mystrent le dite pele en fieu et en flaumme  19.13, 17 and 18
pal#1  pile#3 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.