orin (s.xii1)

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orin (s.xii1)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 25,1024b aurum; Gdf: 5,638 orin; GdfC: 10,239c aurein; TL: 6,1278 oriien /6,1278 orin; DEAF: ; DMF:  aurein; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 164b aurinus ]
aurien;  oreyn,  orien,  orine,  oringne,  orrien, 
pl. orius (l. orins)  ii 39.78  

In AND 1, the form orius was given a separate entry on the strength of this single attestation in a gloss to Adam of Petit Pont’s De Utensilibus. Tony Hunt’s more recent edition of that gloss retains the form and interprets it as a plural variant of TL orïuel 6,1285 (from Latin aureolus and synonymous with orïol 6,1283; cf. TLL ii 39.n26). The form would be a deviant of an adjective that is otherwise not attested in Anglo-Norman. We have chosen to interpret the ‘u’ as a misreading of ‘n’, and to range the citation under the more common adjective orin.

The substantival use, tentatively glossed as the plant ‘orpine’, is not found elsewhere. The two attestations may merely be misreadings (to be corrected to or[p]ine?), although the bright yellow flowers of the ‘orpine’ may have triggered an association with another adjective for ‘golden’, and hence the use of orin here. Alphita’s reading of the word as orme (included as a separate article in AND 1) seems entirely un-etymological, and has therefore been rejected here.

The TLL i 151 citation has been expanded from L. J. Paetow’s edition of John of Garland’s Morale scolarium (from which it merely copies the vernacular glosses, cf. TLL i 143.n107). The comma both in TLL and in Paetow’s edition is superfluous).


1metalgolden, made of gold
( s.xii1; MS: 1155-60 )  Tute la glorie a la fille le rei dedendz, devant les faisses oringnes (Latin: præ fasciis aureis), li vestement de lei  79.xliv.13
( s.xii2/4; MS: s.xiiiin )  Ou sont ore li bon mantel E li aurien tassel  (C) 72
( c.1136-65; MS: c.1200 )  moiller ki est bele e fole, En sun nés ad orin cercel  6829
( c.1200; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Rachel embla les orins deus son pere  (B) 820
( s.xiiiex; MS: c.1300? )  La curune de fin or prestrent de sun chef, E le orine escamel k'estut desuz ses pez  440
colourgold-like, gold-coloured
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim ) sudeement fud fet la culur de orin solail  17r
( s.xiv2; MS: s.xiv2 )  la chalour fet la urine rouge o orine  ii 262
( MS: s.xv )  tu verras sa colour muer de blanchent [sic] en orine colour  92.S68
fig.golden, highly esteemed
( s.xiii1; MS: s.xiiim ) prof est a nus visiter icil orienz filz Deu  17v
( MS: s.xiii2 )  Gloria Fulconis fulget basis aurea (gloss: oreyne fundement) donis  i 151
nombre orin
toison orin
1hist.mythologicalGolden Fleece, the pelt of Chrysomallos the winged ram which Jason and the Argonauts steal from Aeetes
( c.1230; MS: 1275-85 )  Un ydle read, Colcos ad nun, Dunt Jason prist l'orin toysun  1298
(Seint) Johan (od la) bouche orine
1Saint John Chrysostom (‘χρισοστομος’ = ‘gold-mouthed’)
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xivin )  Johan od la Buche Orine Dit en la sentence divine: [...]  2261
( MS: 1330-40 )  devant la Tour si est une chapele: e leynz est Seint Johan Bouche Orriene e autres reliques plusours  128.46


1bot.orpine, stonecrop (sedum acre, a wide variety of herbs with bright yellow flowers) (?)
( s.xiii2; MS: c.1400 )  Crassula maior, faba silvestris idem, subalba est et spissa habet folia. Gallice orme (l. orine) (var. (B: s.xv1) orpyne), Anglice alfuurt  34.22
( MS: s.xv )  Transmutatio nominum: [...] Pur orine i mettez gingebre  90.S62
or#1  orpin  orré#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.