organer (c.1170)

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organer (c.1170)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 7,410a organum; Gdf: 5,636a orguener; GdfC: ; TL: 6,1257 orgener; DEAF:  orgene (orgener); DMF:  organer / orguener; TLF: ; OED:  organ v.; MED: ; DMLBS: 2052a organare ]

The possible transitive sense, ‘to produce a sound from a musical instrument’ only seems to be attested in a figurative usage. Moreover, in this single v.a. attestation the verb could also be interpreted as being used impersonally (‘une tel note’ being the subject rather than the direct object).

For more information on the medieval practice of polyphony or playing ‘in organum’, see Horn ii p.156 and the OED entry for organum n.1 sense 4.


1fig.soundto make resound, ring out
( c.1240; MS: c.1300 )  Le bacheler se coruce a icest mot, E le poin mult tost li clost; Sun gentil sanc li fist fremir [...] Le glotun fert si lez la cane E une tel note li organe Ke les orailles ad estunez, E cil chet freit mort a ces pez  153.88


1musicto sing (possibly accompanied by a musical instrument)
( s.xiii2; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Il (=serpent in Eden) chauntat en tiele guise Com lui clerks fount en sainte eglise. Ore comence a organer Com lui clerks fount de outre mer  249
2music(of an instrument) to play 'in organum', i.e. producing a polyphonic accompaniment
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiiex )  Cum ces cordes tuchout, cum les feseit trembler, Asquantes feiz chanter, asquantes organer  2833
organal  organe#1  orgues 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.