achever (1155)

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achever (1155)

[ FEW: 2/i,339a caput; Gdf: 1,55b achever; GdfC: 8,24a achever; TL: 1,84 achever; DEAF: ; DMF:  achever; TLF:  achever; OED:  achieve v. / escheve v.; MED:  acheven v.; DMLBS: 18c achevare ]
achaver,  acheveir,  achevir;  achiever,  achiver;  aschever;  eschever,  eschevir,  achevrer  

v.a.

1to complete, carry out
( 1160-74; MS: s.xiiiin )  Ço qu il dist volt achever  ii 4775
( 1190-93; MS: s.xiv1 )  il nen out respit ne tens Ke il la pust […] Auner si grant assemblee Ke achever peust si grant medlee  54v
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Jo vus dorrai asez de mon tresor, Pur achevrer l’overainne, argent e or  (B) 11858
( 1214-16 )  Gardez donqes […] Lu bien q’avez por Dé enpris Qe de trestot vostre poeir Vus esforciez de l’acheveir  1946
( 1216-25; MS: 1307-15 )  enprist sovent trop grant chose ke il ne pout eschever  168
( s.xivin; MS: c.1335 )  Le roy graunta meyntenaunt quanque vodra ordyner, si yl purra cele bosoigne issi achevyr  55.5
to end, finish
( 1155; MS: s.xiii4/4 )  Issi fud la guerre achevee  2829
2lawto transfer (a tenant or service)
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  […] soit agardé qe il soit assouz del premer seignur et achevé a la terce persone  ii 47

v.n.

1to end up
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  N’ad femme ke seit desuz la nue, Ke jofne seit u seit chanue Si ele vus vout gueres grever, Ke ele ne vus face mal achever  1232
2to succeed
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  tant ne sunt apris de lai Que achever sacent bien par sei  13504
( MS: s.xiiiex )  Ki trop enprent mal escheve  254.91
to attain (to)
( s.xiiiex; MS: s.xivin )  E cil n’acheve pas a Crist  59
3lawto attorn (one’s services to)
( 1294 )  Willem achevit a ly de ses services  21-22 Ed I 531
lawto attorn one’s homage (to)
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiii2 )  […] K’il dust a Deu achever E tute terre guverner  89vb2
( c.1292; MS: c.1300 )  voloms qe la eynzneesce nous face homage […] et qe les autres achevent a la eynznesce  ii 23

v.refl.

1to be completed, end
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xivin )  Car chascune bien [en] est frarin Qui ne s’acheve en bone fin  1132
chevir 
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
achever