tol1 (c.1150)

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tol1 (c.1150)


[FEW: 13/i,165b teloneum; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  tol; DMF:  toll / tolle; TLF: ; OED:  toll n.1; MED:  tol n.1; DMLBS: 3449b tollum]
thol;  tole,  toll,  tolle;  tool;  toule,  tohel  214.12
pl tous  
M.E. (?)

The Anglo-Norman forms may directly derive from medieval Latin tollum, attested since the 11th century into the British Isles (see DMLBS tollum). However, earliest Anglo-Norman attestations in the phrase tol and tem, present in Old English charters since the early 11th century (see team n. sense III.8.b. ), suggest possible borrowing from English into Anglo-Norman. Examples deriving from Late Latin toloneum (from CL teloneum) have been separated into the entry tolnu.


1taxtoll, tax
( 1308-09 )  voier de quel murage et combien de tous il ont mestre =how much tolls they need et le grauntent  i 275
( 1354; MS: c.1360 )  Le diable si est seignur de ceo marchee et prent ses prises et ses droitz, et le pavage si est tout soen - c'est l'alme, q'est paiee pur le tool  121.5
( 1411 )  sanz tol, custume paier, ou autre imposicion queconqe  iii 663
( 1415 )  la dite citee d'Everwyk come dez autres villes et lieux, luy demandont tol et autres custums  ii 47
lawtaxright to collect tax, take toll
( c.1334; MS: s.xivm  )  Edmond [...] lui granta totes les franchises et les custumes et totes les forfaitures de totes ses terres, c'est a dire, hundred, homsokne, forstall, tol et tallage  269.20
taxobligation to pay toll
( 1388 )  touts les aunciens demesnes en mesme le counté sont quites de tolle  11 Rich II 177
coillour de tol
1occupationtaxtoll-gatherer, tax collector
( 1435-36 )  Je, Robert Florys, cuylour de le tol de Suthamton, je delivre a [...]  120
thorou tol
tol e tem
1lawtoll and team, lord's toll-gathering rights included in the grant of a manor by the Crown
( c.1150; MS: s.xii3/3 )  cil francs hom ki ad e sache e soche e toll e tem e infangentheof  2.3
( 1237-40; MS: 1662 )  eient et tiennent leur terres ové solc et salc et thol et them, et infangthef et outfangthef  22.94
( 1414 )  Entre diverses autres fraunchises, sok et sak, thols et theam, come en les ditz lettres patenz est contenuz  iv 55
prendre tol
1 to toll, collect tax
( 1390-1412; MS: s.xv1 )  Et plus avaunt ont pris tolle de certeins burgeis de vostre ville susdite [...] pur lour bestaille  370.305.21
tintol  tolhope  tolhus  tollbooth  tolonier  tolsestier 
This is an AND2 Phase 6 (T-Z) entry. © 2022-25 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.