thrave (s.xiiiex)

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thrave (s.xiiiex)


[FEW: 13/ii,136a trabs; Gdf: 8,26a trave 1; GdfC: ; TL: 10,544 trave; DEAF:  tref 1 (trave 1); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  thrave n.; MED:  threve n.; DMLBS: 3436c threva]
ls(loanword: M.E. (?))

While ultimately from the same etymon as trave1 (i.e. trabe: ‘beam’), this word (and its particular agricultural sense) seems to be the result of a separate evolution through Scandinavian, Old English and Middle English.


1agriculturalunitthrave, measure of corn, wheat, straw, etc. containing 24 sheaves
( s.xiiiex; MS: c.1300 ) Si vous donez aveygne en garbes a vos boefs, vous les devez doner par les thraves  438.c50
( c.1300 ) les auncestres le roy unt doné a la sustenaunce des povres del dit hospital certeynes traves de blé  iii cxv
( 1307-10 ) une thrave de garbes del blé [...]  333
( 1423 ) le dit hospitall soit endowez par .d. anz [...] d'un thrave de bleez, apprendre annuelment de chescun charue arant deinz les countez d'Everwyk, Cumbreland, Westmerland et Lancastre, deinz la provynce d'Everwyk, les quelles thraves sount la primer fundation du dit hospitall  iv 249
This is an AND2 Phase 6 (T-Z) entry. © 2022-25 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.