shavaldour (1324)

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shavaldour (1324)

[gdw]

[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  shavaldour n.; MED:  shavaldour n.; DMLBS: 3062c shavaldor ]
schavaldour,  shivaldour  

The origin of the word is obscure, but OED (Second Edition, 1989), MED and DMLBS all suggest a possible Anglo-Norman origin, associating the word with chevaler1. The earliest attestations are found in Latin sources (1317).

s.

1 (M.E.?)  robber, brigand on horseback mainly active near the Scottish border
( 1324 )  en la primere flote passassent hobelours, shavaldours et archiers et autres gentz suspeccionous  66
( 1343-50; MS: 1343-50 )  les Escoces entrerent en Engeltere, et robberent en Northumberland, et firent un shivaldour, William Waleis, lour cheventein  25
( 1355-64; MS: s.xivex )  En quel houre, Johan le Irroys ravist la Dame de Clifforde. Lez maufesurs estoint appellez schavaldours  84
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
shavaldour