rochu (c.1170)

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rochu (c.1170)


[ FEW: *10,435 *rocca; Gdf: 7,216a rochu; GdfC: ; TL: 8,1365 rochu; DEAF:  roche 3 (rochu); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  rochy a.; MED:  rochi a.; DMLBS: ]

The TLL attestation is ambiguous. The word rochuses is used as a gloss to the Latin adjective scopulosa, taken from a passage in Statius’ Achilleid (1,55). Lewis and Short define the Latin word, as specifically used in this context, as ‘projecting like a rock’ (scopulosus, 1646b). In contrast, J. H. Mozley’s translation of the text (1928) reads ‘and with tranquil song proceed the Tritons who bear his armour and the rock-like sea-monsters’. Semantically, both senses (‘projecting like a rock’ and ‘rock-like in appearance’) are possible, as is reflected in the current AND definition.


1lapid.geog.rocky, full of rocks
( c.1170; MS: s.xiiiex )  A cel rochu costal, La truvai ces enfanz sanz autre marinal  215
2lapid.rock-like (in appearance or quality)
( MS: s.xiii2 )  cantuque quieto armigeri Tritones eunt scopulosaque gloss: i. rochuses cete gloss: porpeys  ii 8
roche#1  rocheit  rochele  rocher#1  rocher#2 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.