rechaner (1121-35)

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rechaner (1121-35)


[ FEW: 16,325a *kinni; Gdf: 6,659a rechaner; GdfC: ; TL: 8,408 rechaignier /8,409 rechaner; DEAF:  rechaner; DMF:  racaner / recaner; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 2645a racanare ]
recaner,  recanir;  rechaingner,  rechener,  rechiner,  recyner;  rekaner;  rezaner  

Variant spellings like rechener and rechiner indicate that there may have been some formal interchange with the verb rechiner1 (‘to snarl’). Etymologically, rechaner derives from *kinni and refers to a sound, whereas rechiner1 comes from *kinan and refers to an action (of 'baring one’s teeth'), which, may have been accompanied with making a sound. Some Anglo-Norman sources seem to have failed to distinguish the two senses, and may have considered rechan- and rechin- nothing but variant spellings of the same word.


1soundmammals(of a donkey) to bray, give a hee-haw call
( 1121-35; MS: s.xii3/3 )  Dunc cumence a crier [...], Cume li asnes fait Ki rechane e brait (var. Quant il rechaingne e brait (O)MS: s.xiii1)  1880
( c.1180; MS: s.xiii2 )  Li asnes prist a rechaner E si leidement a crier  168.21
( 1213; MS: 1213 )  the Devil: quant chien, l'oissez abaer E quant fust asne, rechener  8508
( c.1250; MS: s.xiv1 )  Asne rezane (var. rekane (T)MS: s.xivin) (M.E. roreth), cine recifle  255
( MS: s.xiv )  rudendo, quod est proprium asinorum: recaner  ii 116.165
( s.xvin; MS: s.xv1 )  serpent cifflie, Asyne recyne, cigne reciflie  7.2

1soundmammals(of a donkey) braying, giving a hee-haw call
( MS: s.xiiex )  rudenti: rudere est proprie asinorum, gallice rechinant  i 135
rechan  rechanement 
This is an AND2 Phase 5 (R-S) entry. © 2018-21 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.