quintefoille (s.xiiim)

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quintefoille (s.xiiim)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 2/ii,1481a quinquefolium; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,462c quintefeuille; TL: 8,102 quintefueille; DEAF:  quintefueille; DMF:  quintefeuille; TLF:  quintefeuille; OED:  quinquefoil n. and a.; MED:  quintefoil(e n.; DMLBS: 2633c quinquefolium (quintifolium) ]
quinfoil,  quinfoile,  quinfolie;  quinteffueille,  quintefoil,  quintefoile,  quintefoill,  quintefoyl,  quintefoyle;  quintfoil,  quintfoile,  quintfoille,  quintfoyl,  quintfulle,  quintofoil,  quintefolium  

Just like cincfoille and quinquefoille the word derives from Latin quinquefolium (with the latter preserving a more Latinate form of numeral) and basically has the same meaning. In this case, the numeral is replaced by the ordinal quintus. FEW, OED and DMLBS treat these as the same word (with the FEW merely acknowledging a ‘von quintus beeinflussten form’), but the forms are sufficiently different to warrant separate articles in the AND).

s.

1bot.cinquefoil, Potentilla reptans, plant with compound leaves consisting of five leaflets
( s.xiiim; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Li peresils, savine et quintefoille  ii 81.163
( s.xiii2; MS: s.xiii2 )  Ou la morele quite od la chalketrappe. Ou la quintefolium od tute la rascine perce la pere  135.19
( MS: s.xv )  Filofolium: quinfoile  118(C21)
pharm.med.medicinal drink prepared from cinquefoil
( MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Si vous sentez ke il vous doile, Si bevez la bone quintefoile Et od let de chievre l'usez  196.1522
( MS: c.1300 )  Pur la meneisun: Beive sanguinere e plantaine e quintefoyle ou milfoile  304.51
decor.bot.cinquefoil, artistic depiction of five leaves or petals
( 1423 )  Item, .j. quintfoille d'or, fait de baleis, garniz d'un diamand et .v. perles  iv 219.187
herald.bot.cinquefoil, stylized depiction of five leaves or petals
( c.1253; MS: 1586 )  W. de Fauconberg, noir od un quintefoill d'argent et les avoz (l. anoz) d'argent entour  201
( 1300; MS: s.xiv1 )  En asure quintfullez trois Portoit de fin or esmeré  102.54
( s.xivm; MS: s.xivex )  Ore vous dirray des foiles et dé flours queux sount en armes: trifoile, qarfoile, quintofoil, cistefoil  106
( MS: s.xv3/4 )  [...] le dessusdit noble chevalier qui porte en ses armes ung escu dont le champ est d'azur a trois quinteffueilles d'or et ung croissant d'argent [...]  42r
cincfoille  fuille#1  quinquefoille  quint#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
quintefoille