quarrel (s.xii¼)

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quarrel (s.xii¼)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 2/ii,1401 quadrus; Gdf: 1,787c carrel /6,481c quarele; GdfC: 9,1a carrel; TL: 2,51 carrel; DEAF: ; DMF:  carreau; TLF:  carreau; OED:  quarrel n.1; MED:  quarrel n.1; DMLBS: 2616c quarrellus ]
carreal;  qarel;  quarel,  quarele,  quarell,  quarelle;  quarreau,  quarere; 
pl. quaraus,  quareas,  quareaus,  quarelis,  quareus,  quariaus,  quarraux,  quarreaus,  quarreaux,  quarreux,  quarriaux,  harreaus  176.28
pl. querreux  iii 361  

The expression quarrel de mer remains problematic. Apparently used with reference to a sea animal, is not found attested anywhere else. AND1 probably misinterprets the English gloss sale as a variant of sele n.2, i.e. the common seal, which appears to be erroneous as the same Latin word/context is also glossed in the vernacular as sole, syole (TLL ii 66.61) (cf. sole1), porpeys (TLL ii 119.61) (cf. porpeis), raye (TLL ii 81.61) (cf. rai4) and sperlinges (TLL ii 81.61) (cf. espelanke). The Latin amphinia/amphivia is nothing more than an alternative spelling of amphibius, which, used as a noun, can refer more specifically to the ‘seal’ or the ‘porpoise’ (DMLBS 79a).

s.

1build.square or rectangular block of stone
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Esgarde la cité qu'il fet adrecer; Veit mettre les quareles e joindre le morter, Compasser les torreles e le marbre tailler  7218
( s.xiiex; MS: s.xiii3/3 )  La tur querré, fort e grant, Jadis la fermerent jeant. De marbre sunt tut li quarel, Asis e junt mult ben e bel  107
( c.1245; MS: c.1255 )  Atant ad fundé sa iglise De grantz quareus de pere bise [...]. Li quarrel sunt mut fort e dur  2291 and 2294
build.archit.square or diamond-shaped floor tile
( c.1174; MS: s.xiiiin )  Tost furent esfremi e viel e juvencel, La novele espandue del saint martyr novel, Qui giseit el mustier ocis sur le quarrel  5743
build.decor.small square or cube (as part of a mosaic)
( s.xii3/4 )  in qua non lithostrata tessellis (glosses: de ronde peres, de tyulez quarés, de per de marbre, de peres quartes, quarere)  sub tessella (3420c)
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  tessellum: quarere  ii 54.80
2weaponsmil.quarrel, square-headed bolt or arrow for shooting from a crossbow or arbalest
( s.xii¼; MS: s.xiv1 )  li quarel d'arbeleste  1151
( 1265; MS: s.xivin )  Ne vi [...] tant arblastes [...] Ne tant de qarels pur despendre  177
( 1323-25 )  soit maundé as divers viscountes pur faire purveance de pennes des ouwes a la mountance de cent mil ou la environ pur penner quarreux et setes pur esparnier parchemin qe autrement covendroit estre despendu en cel oeps  66
( 1406 )  les arwesmythes fount plusours testes de seates et quarelles deffectifs  iii 594
3leathersquare patch of leather
( 1396; MS: s.xv1 )  Ore regardés, moun amy et compaignon, coment mes soliers sont tout depeciés. [...] Ore me faut aler a sovetour de les adoubber et quarrir des bons quarraux et fortz et de bon cuier de boef et bien espissez q'ils me purront longement durer  22.28
4domesticsquare or diamond-shaped (?) cushion
( c.1305; MS: s.xiv1/3 )  Ore cuchez un tapit [...] Pus mettez les quareus ke ben sunt atirez [...] A chescun cornire des quareus sunt quatre botun  97
( 1307-08 )  [...] pour autres 3 tapis et une coutepointe et une saige, et pour quarriaux pour le char, matrés et tapis pour char [...]  520
( 1415-17; MS: s.xv1 )  Autres fraunceis j'ay apris: [...] tablez pur la sale, docers, bankers ov quarreux, chaers [...]  (D) 26.325
( MS: s.xvm )  un quarreau: coyssyn  88.113
quarrel de mer
1mammalsich.zool.'sea arrow', porpoise (?)
( MS: s.xiii/xiv )  amphinia (l. amphivia): (L) quarel de mer, anglice sale  ii 84.61
quariie  quarré  quarreour  quarrere  quarreure  quarrir 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
quarrel