philosophre (s.xiii3/4)

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philosophre (s.xiii3/4)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: *8,387b philosophus; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  philosopher n.; MED:  philosophre n.; DMLBS: ]
philesophre,  philosopher,  philosofle  

AND1 provided a tentative correction of the word to philosophie? in boz Cont 41; probably a) because of the use of the feminine gender and, b) at that point, this was the sole attestation of a word not found in Continental French. Whereas that interpretation remains possible, further attestations have since come to light which confirm the use of an -er/re suffix, which is perhaps a Middle English formation.


1acad.scholar, learned man, educated expert
( s.xiii3/4; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  Les philosofles poent esteeir en la tresgrant chaline del matin juske al vespre e reguarder le ardant soleil sanz damage de lur oilz  28
( s.xivin; MS: s.xivm )  Mes encontre cel mal avoms ensample de bien par nature de un autre pesson de la mier qe la philosophre appele conche  41
( MS: s.xivm )  cils enseignount einz q'ils apernent les altres, avoi mesnee le southcile, [...] parolent com philosophres  2va
acad.scholar, authority of ancient learning
( c.1360-79; MS: s.xivex )  Ly philesophre q'estoit sage Dist: 'Tiel quel es deinz ton corage Tiel ta parole expressera'  1813
( c.1360-79; MS: s.xivex )  Tholomé [...] Q'estoit un philosophre eslit  12453
philosophe  philosophie  philosophien 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.