peridout (s.xiiiin)

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peridout (s.xiiiin)

[ hap]

[ FEW: 21,42b pierres précieuses; Gdf: 6,101a peridot; GdfC: ; TL: 7,749 peridot; DEAF:  peridot; DMF:  peridot; TLF:  péridot; OED:  peridot n.; MED:  peridot n.; DMLBS: 2211c peridotus ]
pelidod,  peridod,  peridot,  peridou,  peritot,  pelitote,  peridon (l. peridou)
pl. peridoz  

See Classical Latin paederos (Lewis and Short 1288c), from Byzantine Greek παιδέρως. As used in Pliny the word refers to a type of precious stone which can be interpreted as either an opal or amethyst. See OED peridot n., TLF péridot and FEW pierres précieuses (21,42b) for the suggestion that the etymon, through metathesis, produced the more common peridout. The DMBLS suggests the form peridotus has been borrowed from ME or AN.


1lapid.peridot, yellowish-green chrysolite
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii1 )  Peridou  (ed. Peridon) est piere verz  294
( s.xiii; MS: s.xiv1 )  le mur [...] Que estoit bien haut e de riche attyr; Bien resembloit peridoz, rubie e saffir  27
( s.xiii2; MS: s.xivm )  Topaze of lui peridout (:crapout)  49
( 1354 )  [...] .j. piere appelee pelitote pris de .xvj. s., anels, firmaux d'or pris de .xx. s.  210
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.