penetrer (s.xiiiex)

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penetrer (s.xiiiex)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 8,187a penetrare; Gdf: ; GdfC: 10,312b penetrer; TL: 7,647 penetrer; DEAF:  penetrer; DMF:  pénétrer; TLF:  pénétrer; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 2176c penetrare ]

In English, the Latin past participle stem penetrat- produced the verb penetrate, but the word is not attested until 1530. English also had the verb penetre, which would be similar to the Anglo-Norman/French penetrer; however, it is very rare and once more not attested in medieval times. In Continental French, the verb is attested from 1314, which would still make this Anglo-Norman instance (from the late thirteenth century) the earliest vernacular witness. Unfortunately, the text (or at least the transcription of it) seems ambiguous, and the variant reading penez is the verb one would expect here (cf. peiner1).

v.a. pierce (hand and feet), i.e. to crucify (?)
( s.xiiiex; MS: 1307-15 )  autresint fu il (=J.C.) fervidement pur nus cheitifs escharniz, les euz bendez, la face crachez, a viliz escopez e gabez, e pur nos ordes enormitez (=heinous sins) forment deskes au demer (l. devier?) penetrez (var. (BN: s.xivin) penez)  206.19
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.