[ornel] (1338)

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[ornel] (1338)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 23,5b moellon; Gdf: 5,643 ornel; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  ornel; DMF:  ornel; TLF: ; OED:  ornel n.; MED:  ornel n.; DMLBS: ]
ornell,  ournal,  urnal,  urnel,  urnell  
M.E. (?)

The etymology of the word remains unclear, and with a vernacular context lacking it is impossible to determine whether the word should be interpreted as Anglo-Norman or Middle English.

The OED glosses the word as ‘soft white building stone’, but this is not supported by the other dictionaries or by the discussion of the word in Build 129 – which defines the word as ‘rag’, i.e. an ‘inferior variet[y] of stone’, and ornel as a ‘trade term [...] confined to Kent’.


1build.Kentish rag stone, rubble (used for building purposes or for paving)
( 1338 )  [400 stones of Maydenston called] ournal [bought for 22 s. for the water-gate of the tower]  129
( 1348 )  Pro .iiijxx. xj. pedibus de Asshelere emptis pro predicta posterna; [...] pro .ijc. pedibus de urnal emptis pro eodem  ornel n. (etym.)
( 1363 )  [650ft. of stone called] urnell [for mending walls]  129
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.