oriol1 (s.xii2)

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oriol1 (s.xii2)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 25,963b aureolus; Gdf: 5,636c oriel 1 /5,693b oriol 1; GdfC: ; TL: 6,1283 orïol 1; DEAF:  orïol 1; DMF:  oriol 1; TLF:  loriot 1 (oriol); OED:  oriole n.; MED: ; DMLBS: 162c aureolus ]
auriol,  oriel,  oriole,  orkoil  

Surprisingly, this word, well-attested in Anglo-Norman and medieval Latin, first appears in English only in the eighteenth century.

The use of the word with reference to a type of fish is not attested in Continental French, but its validity is confirmed by the DMLBS sub aureolus 162c (sense 2: ‘kind of fish, gilt-head’). Confusingly, however, according to the DMLBS the Latin word which it glosses, phicedula, means only a ‘small bird’, possibly the ‘fig-pecker’ (sub ficedula, 935a).

a.

1colourgolden, gold-coloured
( MS: s.xiv2 )  la septisme (=water) est ewe de cendres, la oeutizsme est ewe auriole, la noefisme est ewe jaune [...]  522

s.

1orn.zool.golden oriole (a songbird, the male of which has bright yellow and black plumage)
( MS: c.1250 )  De avibus [...] Hec icter, -is: oriel  i 419
( MS: c.1250 )  hic ictio: oriol  i 426.504
( c.1250; MS: s.xivin )  Escoter la noyse del oriol (M.E. wodewale) (var. la noise l'orkoil (G)MS: 1307-25)  600
( c.1275; MS: s.xivex )  De sa grant largesce enterine Prent l'oriol ele safrine (=yellow), Li papegais verdure fine Et li pouns penne angeline  686
( s.xivm; MS: s.xivex )  et ad le col tout jaune de la colour d'un oriel bien luisant  151
2ich.zool.a type of gold-coloured fish, sturgeon (?)
( MS: s.xiiiex )  phicedula gallice: oriole vel piscis qui alio nomine dicitur runbus, esturgun  ii 163
3 bot. a type of plant, chickweed or stitchwort
( MS: s.xii2 ) oriol: elverþinȝwirt  49.141
loriole  or#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
oriol_1