orchard (1244)

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orchard (1244)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: ; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF:  orchard; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  orchard n.; MED:  orchard n.; DMLBS: ]
orcharde;  orcheyard,  orchyard,  orchyerd  

The word, which is already attested in Old English, is presumably a compound of Classical Latin hortus (i.e. garden) and the Old English geard (i.e. ‘enclosed area’).

s.

1geog.fruitorchard, enclosed garden
( 1372 )  que a Richard Damyshart faces [...] delivrer une blestron quel nous ly avons ottroiez pur encloser un orchard  ii 106
( 1376-78 )  Le orchyerd  orchard n.
( a.1382 )  ne mesoun, ne chaumpe, ne orchard  8.30
( a.1399 )  la quel tempeste [...] abatist [...] arbres en boys et en orchardes  50.14
( 1459-60 )  pro [..] factura 2 clourez (l. clousez?) in le orchard  88
(as a name) Orchard
( 1244 )  James del Orchyard  orchard n.
( 1274 )  Johan de la Orcharde  orchard n.
ort#1  yerd#1 
This is an AND2 Phase 4 (N-O/U-P-Q) entry. © 2013-17 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
orchard