[gruceour] (s.xiiiin)

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[gruceour] (s.xiiiin)

[ FEW: *16,90b *grogatjan; FEW: 16,751b *grogatjan; Gdf: 4,371 gruçur; GdfC: ; TL: 4,683 groçor; DEAF:  grocier (*groçeor); DMF: ; TLF: ; OED:  grutcher n.; MED:  grucchere; DMLBS: ]

The group of words around grucer and its various and quite numerous derivatives has been discussed by W. Rothwell in "The Legacy of Anglo-French: faux amis in French and English, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 109 (1993), 16-46 (pp. 30-31 and n.61). This article is available on the AND site under "Articles on Anglo-Norman topics". The OED derives the verb to grutch from grucer; relevant also are English to grouse and the later to grouch (a later form of grutch). Of grouse, OED notes, rather oddly, "Origin unknown. The word has a curious resemblance to Norman French dialect groucer = Old French groucier, grousser". The entry dates from 1900. The first attestation given for to grouse is 1887.


1grumbler, one who complains (excessively or habitually)
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  (J.C.) joie e duçur Nus doinst aver, e fel gruçur Del puslent enfer (i.e., the Devil) nus delivre  1844
( s.xiiiex; MS: 1307-15 )  il est desafetez ou ele est desafetee; il est grouceour, ou ele est grouceresse  208.31
This is an AND2 Phase 2 (F-H) entry. © 2006-2008 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.