gip (s.xiii2)

Browse the Dictionary


Search Results

Your search results will appear here.

gip (s.xiii2)


[ FEW: *2,691b cippus; Gdf: ; GdfC: ; TL: ; DEAF: ; DMF: ; TLF: ; OED: ; MED: ; DMLBS: 339b cippus ]
M.E. (?)

This is a complicated word -- simple as it may look. Dialectal English chep, "piece of timber forming the sole of a turn-wrest plough; ‘the piece of wood on which the share is fixed'", appears to derive from French chep or cep, but is seemingly cognate with chip, which the OED derives from Latin cippus, but which lacks the sense of "share-beam" needed here. AND's gip appears to be a form of the same word. OED's supposition about a French etymon is borne out by FEW 2/i,692a's cep in the sense of "soc de la charrue" in Middle French, and more pertinently, DMF cep has the sense "pièce de bois supportant le soc de la charrue" which FEW gives only from modern dialects, and which is absent from both Gdf and TL. AND cep does not have the plough-related sense(s) either. The glossator's 'anglice' seems to confirm that in the case of gip, we are indeed, despite all of this, dealing with an M.E. word.


1agriculturalimplementchep, share-beam (of plough)
( MS: s.xiii2 )  dentale: (C) gyp (var. (D: s.xiii/xiv) chippe; (L: s.xiii/xiv) carwure, anglice gip)  ii 77
This is an AND2 Phase 2 (F-H) entry. © 2006-2008 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. All rights reserved. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.