cussin (s.xii/xiii)

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cussin (s.xii/xiii)

[ gdw]

[ FEW: 2/ii,1262b coxa; Gdf: ; GdfC: 9,230b coussin; TL: 2,548 coissin; DEAF: ; DMF:  coussin; TLF:  coussin; OED:  cushion n.; MED:  quishin n.; DMLBS: 543c cussinus ]
coisin,  coissin,  coisson,  coshin,  cossin,  coysin;  cuissien;  quicine,  quischine,  quishon,  quisin,  quisine,  quisun;  quisshin,  quisshon,  quissin,  quissine,  quissun,  quissyn,  quysshon,  quysson,  quyssyn,  kussen  8 Henry V quisint  ii 68.64
pl. quisinis,  quisshonez,  kusshenz  298 (8 Henry V)  

The etymology (*coxinum from coxa) suggests that originally the word referred to a specific type of cushion used for supporting the hips or upper legs (cf. cuisse). However, in many instances the sense seems to have widened, and the word is also used with reference to a bed-pillow or bolster.


1cushion, pillow
( MS: s.xii/xiii )  pulvilli: (T) quisins(var. (A: xiii) quissins; (C: xiiiex) petites quisines ; (D: xiii/xiv) quisinis; (L: xiiiex) quisun)  ii 51.92
( MS: s.xiiiex )  pulvinar: quissir, anglice bolster, gallice quisine  ii 167
( 1375 )  un coshyn de velvet enbrodez  ii 340
( 1396; MS: s.xv1 )  que vous en alez a mercer et achatez de lui costiers de sengle wostede pur ma chambre, un lit entier de soy parce et un autre de drape d'or, c'est assavoir testre, cillour, curtyns et coverlit ovesque lez autres appurtenancez com blanketz, lincheux, quiltez longes, coissons […]  5.23
( 1397 )  .xj. verges de banker d’Aras en .ij. peces ordeinez pur quyssons  288
cuisse  cussincloth 
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.