confondre (s.xii1)

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confondre (s.xii1)

[ FEW: 2/ii,1046a confundere; Gdf: 2,235b confondre; GdfC: 9,153b confondre; TL: 2,682 confondre; DEAF:  confondre; DMF:  confondre; TLF:  confondre; OED:  confound v.; MED:  confounden v.; DMLBS: 437c confundere ]
confonder,  confoundre,  confoundrer,  confunder,  confundre;  cumfundre,  cunfundre  

v.a.

1to overthrow, defeat
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  li miens Deus, en tei sui afiez: ne seie cundud (vars. cunfundud (B)MS: s.xiiiex)  37.XXIV.1
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Tel orgoil as enpris […] Dont tu es confonduz  962
( c.1170 )  Par dulce pais ad cumfunduz Tuz nos enemis e vencuz  1737
to refute
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii2/4 )  pur cumpruver le e cumfundre  4584
( s.xiiim; MS: c.1300 )  il respondi, E cele folour confoundi, E prova par vive reson Ke […]  1789
to banish, consign (to hell, etc.)
( 1280-1307; MS: s.xiv1/4 )  Rayner et sa mesné sunt saunz repairer Confoundrés al diable  i 492
2to destroy
( c.1136-37; MS: s.xiii1/3 )  Puis cururent en B., Cele cuntree unt cunfundue, Granz damages e granz dolurs Firent iloc  5164
( c.1150; MS: c.1300 )  Li felon ki lor preome el mond Confundent, confundez serrunt  7780
( MS: s.xiv1/3 )  [A] cunfundre felun: Pernez la racine de wymauve […]  218.119
(as curse) to destroy, confound
( s.xii3/4; MS: s.xiv2 )  Confond les, Sire, si te plet; destruy lur manantie  6511
( c.1185 )  un baron, qui Deus cunfunde […]  71
( s.xiiex; MS: s.xiv2 )  Le fiz Marie la confunde!  904 (var. C22)
( s.xiiiin; MS: c.1300 )  Jhesu la confounde, ke tot le mound fit!  36
ship.to wreck, sink
( a.1399 )  toutz les niefs furount esparpilez et en poynt d’estre confunduz  117.10
3to disturb, upset
( s.xiiiin; MS: s.xiii3/4 )  por eschivre la ren del mund Ke plus le cors de home cunfund: Ceo est tristur  26
( s.xiv1; MS: s.xivm )  (too much wine) enflaume la colre et confond la fey  12.96
4to confuse, mix up
( s.xii1; MS: s.xiim )  Ne mie confundanz (Latin: confundentes) les persones (=of the Trinity)  288.4
to mislead, lead astray
( s.xiii2/4; MS: s.xiiim )  Nus desusums totes ces creatures, e il les crie; nus les confundums, e il les guie  20.61

v.absol.

1to ruin
( c.1185 )  Amur cunfunt, amur socurt  3817

p.p._as_a.

1emotiondowncast, dejected
( s.xiii1/3; MS: s.xiiim )  palles e teint e confundu  528
confus 
This is an AND2 Phase 1 (A-E) entry © 2000-2006 The Anglo-Norman Dictionary. On-line entry partially revised after the print version of AND2 went to press (2007-03-22) The printed edition of AND2 A-E is published by Taylor & Francis for the MHRA, sole owners of the print-media publication rights. All other rights reserved. Digitisation funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the United Kingdom.
confondre